USGenWeb Free Census Project Help, 1860 Census Help

Remember, please sign up with a State Census Coordinator before beginning a transcription.

The following following are available to our volunteer transcribers so that our file managers can convert them to the standardized text output to meet the goals of the project.

CENTRANS (MAC & PC) Centrans Instructions and Help

We have the following templates available for download:

Free Schdules: MSExCel Spreadsheet | MSWorks Spreadsheet | Tab Text Templates

Mortality Schdules: MSExCel Spreadsheet | MSWorks Spreadsheet | Tab Text Templates

Slave Schdules: MSExCel Spreadsheet | MSWorks Spreadsheet | Tab Text Templates

[Note: These are zipped and are also available by request from Maggie Stewart. Please use "templates" as the subject of your email and include what year and type of template that you need.]

Header Information That's Needed:

Part A

Part B

Part C
  • Census Year 1860
  • Microfilm # (NARA Microfilm Series M653.) M653-964
  • State Ohio (Click on Part A above)
  • County Franklin (Click on Part C above)
  • Subdistrict/Township 1st Ward Columbus City (Click on Part B above)
  • Enumerator J R Lowe (Click on Part C above)
  • Enumeration Date 15th day of June, 1860 (Click on Part B above)
  • Transcriber - Your name here Maggie Stewart
  • Proofreader - If proofread, put their name here. If you don't have one, put Not Proofread.
  • Remarks (This is for something that refers to the entire page)

Columns present in the census: [Columns highlighted in red are additional columns that we require to be filled out unless otherwise noted.]

  1. Post Office Columbus (Click on Part A above) Recorded in Reference Section - see information below. NOTE: There was not always a Post Office listed in 1860.
  2. Sheet # 2B (Fill in every line even if the enumerator didn't) - Sheet numbers are stamped in the upper right of each right hand page, beginning at 1 (Click on Part C Above) for each bound volume, going up one number for every two pages (1 sheet). Note that each volume begins with a right hand page, or 1B, there being no 1A. Also note that when you see the stamped sheet number it is ALWAYS on the B half of the sheet, the right hand page. This means that the other half, the A half, is the page filmed BEFORE the B half. In other words when you see sheet number 242 the page you are looking at is sheet 242B, the page before it is sheet 242A, the page after is sheet 243A. If you visualise the actual book the film was made from this concept is much easier to understand. We record the sheet numbers in the page number field of our transcription software, the page number in the reference field. For Example: You enter the following in the reference field 15June1860; J R Lowe; p.3; PO Columbus and when the formatting is done in text output it will read Enumerated on the 15th day of June, 1860 by J R Lowe; Post Office: Columbus (Page 3) The exception to this is if you are using CenTrans where there are places for each of these items. In CenTrans, the sheet number needs to be entered (complete with the A or B) into the "Stamped Page No." field. NOTE: In some states in 1860 the sheet numbers are continuous, for example 1 - 2 - 3, with no A or B designations. You will need to check your transcription material carefully.
  3. Page # 3 (Click on Part A above) In CenTrans, the page number needs to be entered into the "Page No." field on the upper right part of the header. NOTE: The page numbers in 1860 are on opposite sides of the page on every other sheet. They are easy to locate as they are prefaced with "Page No.".
  4. Line # (These run 1-40 per page. The Enumerator's were very inventive and sometimes these are not all filled in or you will find a line of entries underneath or above the printed forms.)
  5. Dwelling (1) Houses numbered in order of visitation (Fill in every line even if the enumerator didn't)
  6. Families (2) numbered in order of visitation (Fill in every line even if the enumerator didn't)
  7. The Name (3) of every Person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1860, was in this family. (This column gets placed in two separate places when transcribed.)
    1. Last Name (3)
      • Do not put all in capitals
      • Fill in every line even if the enumerator didn't
    2. First Name (3)
  8. Age. (4)
  9. Sex. (5)
  10. Color (6) White, black, or mulatto.
  11. Profession (7), Occupation or Trade of each Male Person over 15 years of age. (If ditto marks are present fill in the "value" they represent for each ditto mark.)
  12. Value (8) of Real Estate.
  13. Value (9) of Personal Estate.
  14. Place of Birth (10). Naming the State, Territory or Country. (If ditto marks are present fill in the "value" they represent for each ditto mark.)
  15. Married (11) within the year.
  16. Attended School (12) within the year.
  17. Persons over 20 (13) years of age who cannot read & write.
  18. Whether (14) deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. (If there is something written out in this column, place a capital "X" in the column and write the word in the remarks column.)
  19. Transcriber's Remarks (Fill this out only if some additional comment is needed.)

Special Notes/Comments:

  1. Example of online completed 1860 census transcription. (This output was done using the CART software.)

  2. States with surviving 1860 census schedules:
    • Alabama
    • Arkansas
    • California
    • Connecticut
    • Delaware
    • District of Columbia
    • Florida
    • Georgia
    • Illinois
    • Indiana
    • Indian Lands (w. AR)
    • Iowa
    • Kansas Territory
    • Kentucky
    • Louisiana
    • Maine
    • Maryland
    • Massachusetts
    • Michigan
    • Minnesota
    • Mississippi
    • Missouri
    • Nebraska Territory
    • New Hampshire
    • New Jersey
    • New Mexico Territory
    • New York
    • North Carolina
    • Ohio
    • Oregon
    • Pennsylvania
    • Rhode Island
    • South Carolina
    • Tennessee
    • Texas
    • Unorganized Dakota
    • Utah Territory
    • Vermont
    • Virginia
    • Washington Territory
    • Wisconsin


When transcribing the census, MAKE A BACKUP COPY!

Census Project since 1997

A Gift of the Past for the Future! Started in February, 1997, The USGenWeb Free Census Project is an all-volunteer project to transcribe census records in a standard format in order to make them available to genealogical researchers on the Internet.

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